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    Depressive Disorders in Children and Adults

Depression can be a common emotion that can manifest itself in many ways. It can be triggered by a difficult life event, such as a loss or a stressful situation. It can also occur without any clear cause. Depression can appear differently in different people- it doesn’t necessarily have to look like the classic “I cant get out of bed in the morning” trope. It's severity can vary, and when it begins to interfere with your daily life, its time to seek help. Our team of professionals is here to help you manage your depression and get you back to living life to its fullest.

There are several types of depressive disorders. Depressive disorders can occur in children, teenagers, and adults. How depressive symptoms are experienced does differ depending on age.

  • Major Depressive Disorder-  Presence of the following symptoms for at least two weeks:

    • Depressed mood most of the day nearly every day (Note: in children, this might present as irritable)

    • Diminished interest or pleasure in some of all activities most of the day

    • Weight loss or weight gain

    • Difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or sleeping too much

    • Low energy 

    • Feelings of worthlessness, helplessness, or hopelessness

    • Poor concentration 

    • Recurrent thoughts of death such as suicidal ideation with or without plan/intent

  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)-  Presence of the following symptoms for two years:

    • Depressed mood for most of the days, for more days than not (Note: In children and adolescents, mood can be irritable and duration lasting one year)

    • While depressed, must experience symptoms of poor appetite/overeating, sleeping too much or too little, low energy, low self-esteem, poor concentration, feelings of hopelessness

    • The above symptoms must not subside for more than two months at a time

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder-  Presence of the following symptoms in the majority of  menstrual cycles, present during the final week prior to menses, and start to improve within the first several days of menses, and minimally following menses: 

    • Mood swings, feeling suddenly sad or tearful

    • Irritability, anger, or increased interpersonal conflict

    • Depressed mood or feelings of hopelessness

    • Increased anxiety, tension, or feeling keyed up

    • Additionally, any symptom listed under major depression disorder

Additional Resources

Suicide Hotline Website/Resources

Top Books for Depression

Resources for Parents of Children with Depression

Depression Online Support Groups

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