Also known as high blood pressure. Untreated hypertension or high blood pressure can lead to consequences throughout your body such as damaging your heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes. Complications of high blood pressure can include heart disease, heart attack, or stroke. Hypertension may cause no noticeable symptoms so it is important to monitor your blood pressure and attend annual physicals to maintain your health.
Blood pressure is measured using two numbers. The first or top number is called systolic blood pressure. This is the measurement of the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. The second or bottom number is called diastolic blood pressure. This is the measurement of the pressure in your arteries when your heart rests between beats.
Per the American Heart Association 2017 guidelines:
Normal Blood pressure: Less than 120/80
Elevated blood pressure: 120/80 to 129/80
High blood pressure: 130/81 or higher
Learn how to take your blood pressure correctly: https://youtu.be/rAwliNWe1bI
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Hypertension does not always require treatment with medication. Lifestyle changes can reduce blood pressure to a normal range. Lifestyle changes may include:
Getting at least 150 minutes of physical activity each week (about 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week)
Eating a healthy diet, including limiting sodium (salt) and alcohol
Keeping a healthy weight
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